1. The four main ingredients in beer are:
2. Wort is:
3. Which is not a style of beer:
4. What does IBU mean?
5. Which statement is accurate:
6. Hops may be added at different times during the brewing process:
7. Which of the following is a type of hop?
8. A beer engine is:
2. B. Wort is a key component to the brewing process. Essentially a soup made by steeping crushed malts in hot water to convert the starches to sugars (these sugars will later act as yeast food), the wort is this strained liquid that gets transferred to the brew kettle before hops and yeasts are added.
3. D. Didn’t recognize a single one? With hundreds of different styles of beers, it can be hard to know what’s what, but as you continue your beer studies, be sure to expand your tastings beyond traditional Pilsners and pales—a veritable world of beer awaits! And just in case you’re taking notes: Roggenbiers are similar to hefeweizens with rye subbed in for wheat; rauchbiers are rich and smoky, thanks to the use of malts smoked over an open flame; and grodziskies are old-fashioned European brews made entirely from smoked wheat malts and bucket loads of hops.
4. C. Though we think the International Beer University would make an awesome alma mater, IBU actually stands for “international bitterness unit” and measures the bitterness in a beer. Low-IBU beers tend to have a subtle hop profile, while beers with higher IBUs (double IPA, anyone?) tend to offer up a considerable hop wallop with every sip.
5. A. Remember this: lagers lie, as in the yeasts in lager production lie at the bottom of the tank and ferment the beer slowly and at a cool temperature. Ales, on the other hand, ferment from the top at warmer temperatures that speed up the overall fermentation process. Can you detect a difference between the two? You bet. Lagers are traditionally light and crisp, whereas ales can be fuller-bodied.
6. A. Depending on the style of beer being made, brewers may call on different hops at different times throughout the brewing process. Some hops are used for aroma, some for flavor and others for bitterness, and all may be added to the brew kettle at different times.
7. D. From Fuggles to Saaz, and a host of others in between, the variety of hops available to brewers continues to grow. In Europe, Germany and the Czech Republic dominate the hop fields, and in the U.S. hops mostly stretch their bines along the West Coast, throughout Washington State, Oregon, Idaho and California.
8. C. (Though if you answered D we’ll give you a pass). Cask beers are gravity-fed, meaning they rely on a beer engine to manually pump a beer from the firkin (aka: cask) through the tap and into your glass, as opposed to the more common practice of using gas to push a beer through the draft line.
4-6 correct: Nice work, your beer studies are coming along quite well. You’re somewhat acquainted with the study of suds, yet could still stand to take a few more sips. Why not read up on starting your own beer cellar, learn about this lesser-known style of beer and drink in this boundary-pushing brew?